About
Issues
Ourauthors
Library
Contact us
Forum
 
Reshetnikov M. M. (2018). Methodological background and foundations of the non‑material theory of the psyche

<< To the contents of the issue

JournalMethodology and History of Psychology Year2018 Issue3 Pages28–46
SectionMethodological Problems of Psychology TypeScientific article DOI10.7868/S1819265318030020
CitationReshetnikov M. M. (2018). Metodologičeskie predposylki i osnovaniâ nematerial'noj teorii psihiki [Methodological background and foundations of the non‑material theory of the psyche] // Metodologiâ i istoriâ psihologii. Iss. 3. P. 28–46.




Methodological Background and Foundations
of the Non‑Material Theory of the Psyche


The problem of the psyche and consciousness has been the most mysterious one for two thousand years and is still unresolved. It has been almost forgotten that Aristotle considered the human psyche a structure that is not bound to a body. This idea did not persist, though. It was Hippocrates who ruined it and declared a different concept, which prevailed for many centuries, that the brain is a repository of all mental processes. Even such a genius as Rene Descartes took Hippocrates's idea for granted and spent many months in attempts to find memory and emotions in gyri and ventricles of the brain. This path – the search of material structures of the psyche – was followed by I. M. Sechenov, I. P. Pavlov and many others. Later, many other mistaken ideas, new and revolutionary ones, were born, declared and died prematurely. However, not only ideas died, but also patients, who were treated by methods developed on the basis of these hypotheses. The author formulates the idea of the brain as the biological interface and proves a non-material theory of the psyche, which is a discovery that requires a change in basic paradigms of human sciences.

Keywords: biological interface; information; brain; nerves; psyche; psychopathology; psychopharmacology; brain structures; psyche structures


References
  • Bartra R. (1997). Society's Fascination With The Wild Outsider. The Artificial Savage: Modern Myths of the Wild Man. Michigan: Univ of Michigan Pr.
  • Behterev V. M. (1997). Buduŝee psihiatrii: Vvedenie v patologičeskuû refleksologiû. SPb.: Nauka.
  • Dekart R. (1989). Sočineniâ: v 2 t. T. 1. M.: Mysl'.
  • Dubrovskij D. I. (2015). Problema "Soznanie i mozg": Teoretičeskoe rešenie. M.: Kanon+; ROOI "Reabilitaciâ".
  • Èngel's F. (1961). Rol' truda v processe prevraŝeniâ obez'âny v čeloveka // K. Marks, F. Èngel's. Sočineniâ. T. 20. M.: Politizdat.
  • Frejd Z. (2005). Issledovanie isterii. SPb.: Vostočno-evropejskij institut psihoanaliza.
  • Frejd Z. (2006). Avtoportret. SPb.: Vostočno-evropejskij institut psihoanaliza.
  • Gardner R. A., Gardner B. T. (1980). Comparative psychology and language acquisition // T. A. Sebok and J. U. Sebok (eds.), Speaking of Apes: A Critical Anthology of Two-Way Communication with Man. New York: Plenum Press. P. 287–329.
  • Godfrua Ž. (1996). Čto takoe psihologiâ: v 2 t. T. 1. M.: Mir.
  • Grimak L. P. (1989). Rezervy čelovečeskoj psihiki. M.: Politizdat.
  • Gubačev Û. M., Stabrovskij E. M. (1981). Kliniko-fiziologičeskie osnovy psihosomatičeskih sootnošenij. L.: Medicina.
  • Kaneman D. (2013). Dumaj medlenno rešaj bystro. M.: AST.
  • Labori A. (1974). Metaboličeskie i farmakologičeskie osnovy nejrofiziologii. M.: Medicina.
  • Lakan Ž. (1995). Funkciâ i pole reči i âzyka v psihoanalize. Doklad na Rimskom Kongresse, pročitannyj v Institute psihologii Rimskogo universiteta 26 i 27 sentâbrâ 1953 goda. M.: Gnozis.
  • Lapin I. P., Oxenkrag G. F. (1969). Intensification of the central serotoninergic processes as a possible determinant of thymoleptic effect. Lancet.  1. P. 132–136.
  • Lenin V. I. (1967). Polnoe sobranie sočinenij. 4 izd. T. 1. M.: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo političeskoj literatury.
  • Lubovskij V. I. (1978). Razvitie slovesnoj regulâcii dejstvij u detej (v norme i patologii). M.: Pedagogika.
  • Luriâ A. R. (1968). Malen'kaâ knižka o bol'šoj pamâti. M.: MGU.
  • Pavlov I. P. (1949). Polnoe sobranie trudov: v 5 t. T. III, kn. 1. M.–L.: Akademiâ nauk SSSR.
  • Petrovskij V. A. (1992). Psihologiâ neadaptivnoj aktivnosti. M.: Gorbunok.
  • Rešetnikov M. M. (2008). Psihičeskoe rasstrojstvo. SPb.: Vostočno-evropejskij institut psihoanaliza.
  • Rešetnikov M. M. (2011). Kritičeskij postmaterializm v psihologii i psihiatrii // Nevrologičeskij vestnik. T. XLIII, vyp. 2. S. 66–69.
  • Rešetnikov M. M. (2018). Nematerial'naâ teoriâ psihiki // Forum molodyh učenyh.  6 (22). S. 1–7.
  • Reshetnikov M. M. (2017a). Problem of Relation between Brain and Mind in Physiology, Medicine and Psychology // J. of Psychiatry and Psychiatric Disorders.  1 (6). P. 313–316.
  • Reshetnikov M. M. (2017b). What is the Psyche? What are we Curing? // J. Anthropology. V. 6,  3. P. 11–15.
  • Reshetnikov M. M. (2018a). During Two Thousand Years We Were Looking for the Psyche in a Wrong Place (Ideas Live Their Own Life) // International J. of Current Innovations in Advanced Research. V. 1, Iss. 4 (August). P. 82–87.
  • Reshetnikov M. M. (2018b). Non-material Nature of the Psyche // Psychological Review. American Psychological Association. V. 125, Iss. 6 (2). P. 1035–1047.
  • Reshetnikov M. M. (2018c). Non-Material Theory of the Psyche: Historical Prerequisites, Argumentation and Practical Implications // International J. Psychology & Psychological Research. V. 3, Iss. 5. P. 1–7.
  • Rizzolatti G., Fadiga L., Gallese V. and Fogassi L. (1996). Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions // Cognitive Brain Research.  3. P. 131–141.
  • Rizzolatti G., Fogassi L., Gallese V. (2006). Mirrors in the Mind // Scientific American Band. V. 295,  5 (November). P. 30–37.
  • Sečenov I. M. (1953). Refleksy golovnogo mozga. M.: Ministerstvo prosveŝeniâ SSSR.
  • Terehov P. G. (1957). Iz istorii knigi I. M. Sečenova "Refleksy golovnogo mozga" (po arhivnym dannym) // I. M. Sečenov i materialističeskaâ psihologiâ / pod. red. S. L. Rubinštejna. M.: Akademiâ nauk SSSR, 1957. S. 55–109.
  • Viner N. (1968). Kibernetika ili upravlenie i svâz' v životnom i mašine. M.: Sovetskoe radio.
  • Volkan V. (2003). Traumatized Societies // Violence and Dialogue? Psychoanalytic Insight on Terror and Terrorism. L.: International Psychoanalytic Association. P. 217–237.

|   |
2022 Methodology and History of Psychology