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Goclenius R. (2018). ΨΥΧΟΛΟΓΙΑ: that is, on human perfection, on the spirit ...

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JournalMethodology and History of Psychology Year2018 Issue2 Pages143–149
SectionHistory of World Psychology TypeScientific article DOI10.7868/S1819265318020097
CitationGoclenius R. (Ed.). (2018). ΨΥΧΟΛΟΓΙΑ: to est' o soveršenstve čeloveka, o duhe i, v pervuû očered', o vozniknovenii ego v rassuždeniâh i sporah nekotoryh bogoslovov i filosofov našego veka… [ΨΥΧΟΛΟΓΙΑ: that is, on human perfection, on the spirit, and first and foremost on its origin...] // Metodologiâ i istoriâ psihologii. Iss. 2. P. 143–149.

That Is, on Human Perfection, on the Spirit,
and First and Foremost on Its Origin...

Rudolphus Goclenius, professor of logic at Marburg, supervised the publication in 1590 of a compilation of small treatises bearing the title: "ΨΥΧΟΛΟΓΙΑ: that is on human perfection, on the spirit and first and foremost on its origin...". The contributors to this book – theologians and philosophers were mostly Goclenius' contemporaries; some of them were his colleagues and even close friends. Created by a dozen of authors this book does not look a conglomerate, a kind of a theological medley, on the contrary, the common method of scholastic reasoning and the same problem tackled by each scholar often using similar arguments, providing analytical rigour as well as unity of approach, make this original work a coherent whole. Issued in the very end of the Renaissance in the Reformed Germany on the eve of the Thirty Years' War, ΨΥΧΟΛΟΓΙΑ combines the ad absurdum reasoning and the peripatetic ontology of the Middle Ages with the florid rhetoric of the early Baroque; its complex polyphonic structure may remind us of proceedings of a modern conference. In his pompous introduction, which following the fashion of the day took shape of a letter to an important person, Goclenius deeming to live in a more tolerant world endeavours to stand above the mêlée of nominalists and realists as well as of Protestants and Catholics. His dedicatory letter is followed by verses serving as epigraphs to the main text of ΨΥΧΟΛΟΓΙΑ; written for the occasion by a friend they extol the pedagogical virtues of the book and exhort the youth to study Goclenius.

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