About
Issues
Our authors 
Contact us
Forum
 
Znakov, V.V. (2007). Self-consciousness, self-understanding and being understanding itself

Download full text in PDF (in Russian)

Journal
Methodology and History of Psychology. 2007. Volume 2. Issue 3
Section
Psychology of Consciousness
Pages
65-74
Type
Scientific article
Title
Self-consciousness, self-understanding and being understanding itself
Authors
Znakov, Viktor Vladimirovich
Abstract
The article analyzes the problem of the relationship of self-consciousness to self-understanding. From the standpoint of the psychology of the human being a positive answer to the question is given: can we understand ourselves being regarded not only as a well-known philosophical metaphor (M. Heidegger), but also as a real phenomenon of self-consciousness, the subject of psychological research? The human being is regarded as not identical to life of the individual subject. This concept corresponds to Rubinstein's concept of "world" as the totality of things and phenomena correlated with interacting people as an organized hierarchy of different ways of being. The human being is the single (in particular, the individual psychological characteristics of communicating people), which potentially provides the general – the whole world, the whole humanity. This implies that the human being can understand itself. Understanding being itself is the dialectical unity of self-understanding of interacting entities and group understanding. Such understanding is generated in the intersubjective space at the junction of different values and meanings positions. It is based on a common platform of norms, values, meanings adopted by certain groups of people.
Keywords
  • self-consciousness
  • self-understanding
  • human being
  • individual and group reflexion
  • self-analysis of collective subject
  • collective memory
  • existential experience
References
  • Бердяев Н.А. О рабстве и свободе человека. М., 2006.
  • Брушлинский А.В. Психология субъекта. М.-СПб., 2003.
  • Брушлинский А.В. Избранные психологические труды. М., 2006.
  • Емельянова Т.П. Конструирование социальных представлений в условиях трансформации российского общества. M., 2006.
  • Журавлев А.Л. Психология коллективного субъекта // Психология индивидуального и группового субъекта / Под ред. А.В. Брушлинского, М.И. Воловиковой. М., 2002. С. 51-81.
  • Зинченко В.П. Миры сознания и структура сознания // Вопросы психологии. 1991. № 2. С. 15-36.
  • Иванченко Г.В. [Рецензия на кн.: Знаков В.В. Психология понимания: проблемы и перспективы. М., 2005.] // Человек. 2006. № 4. С. 184-186.
  • Кабаков А. Город по выбору // Саквояж СВ. Журнал для путешественников. 2006. С. 1, 8.
  • Лосев А.Ф. Хаос и структура. М., 1997.
  • Лэнгле А. Person: Экзистенциально-аналитическая теория личности: сборник статей. М., 2006.
  • Мамардашвили М.К. Необходимость себя. М., 1996.
  • Рубинштейн С.Л. Человек и мир. М., 1997.
  • Самосознание: мое и наше. К постановке проблемы / Отв. ред. Ф.Т. Михайлов. М., 1997.
  • Соколов Б. Понимание понимания: понимание Платоновского понимания // Парадигмы философствования. Вторые Международные философско-культурологические чтения. СПб., 1995. С. 346-352.
  • Столин В.В. Самосознание личности. М., 1983.
  • Франкл В. Человек в поисках смысла. М., 1990.
  • Connolly M.B., Crits-Christoph P., Shelton R.C., Hollon S., Kurtz J., Barber J.P., Butle S.F., Baker S., Thase M.E. The Reliability and Validity of a Measure of Self-Understanding of Interpersonal Patterns // J. of Counseling Psychology. 1999. V. 46. N 4. P. 472-482.
  • Cook-Greuter S.R. Rare Forms of Self-Understanding in Mature Adults // Transcendence and Mature Thought in Adulthood. The Further Reaches of Adult Development / Ed. by M.E. Miller, S.R. Cook-Greuter. L., 1994. P. 119-143.
  • Damon W., Hart D. The Development of self-understanding. Cambridge, 1988.
  • Frohlich V. Sich selbst verstehen? // Menschen verstehen: Wiеder die "Spinneweben dogmatischen Denkens" / Hrsg. von G. Bittner. Wurzburg, 2005. S. 35-42.
  • Gergen K.J. The social constructionist movement in modern psychology // American Psychologist. 1985. N 40. P. 266-275.
  • Kühler W.R. Personenverstehen: Zur Hermeneutik der Individualität. Frankfurt & Lancaster, 2004.
To cite this article
Znakov, V.V. (2007). Self-consciousness, self-understanding and being understanding itself. Methodology and History of Psychology, 2(3), 65-74.

| Версия для печати |
© 2018 Methodology and History of Psychology